Architects have experimented with roofs in various forms throughout history. And the styles of roofs have shaped the architectural style of a house. However, the laws of physics have created the possibilities in bringing out these elegant roofing designs. Although, nothing can stop the customer from structuring a roof with their favorite designs, styles and shapes. Therefore, knowing which roof styles to use in your house is an important decision. Therefore, here are some of the most common types of roof styles with their pros and cons.
Gable Roof style
A gabled Roof is a ‘pitched roof’ or a ‘peaked roof ’and recognized by a triangular shape. And the gable roof designs are simple and looks like an inverted V. Also, the shape and slope and the ridge extend the length of the house. In fact, the gabled roof style is the most common roof style because of the design. So, the benefit of this type of roof is that it offers greater space for an attic.
advantages of Gabled roof
- Gable roofs can easily shed water and snow.
- It provides more space for an attic and allows more ventilation.
- Built cheaper than other more complex roof styles.
disadvantages of Gabled roof
- Having Gable roofs can be problematic in high velocity wind and hurricane prone areas.
- The roof will collapse if not properly constructed.
- High-speed winds can also cause the material to peel away from gable roofs.
- Not ideal for areas prone to high-speed wind because they can easily get hold of the wind, much like a sail would.
Different roofing materials can cover a gable roof.
- Covered with metal shingles or have standing seams, to prevent any future roof leaks.
Hip roof style
Hip roof is shaped like a pyramid. With two triangular sides and two trapezoidal, a house is divided symmetrically from the center lines.
Hip roofs are commonly seen in bungalows and cottages in modern domestic architecture. After The very solid structures foster the architectural structure of the house. Although the roof itself is harder to construct, the walls that carry the roof are easier to build, as they all lie at the same level.
Advantages of Hip roof
- The inward slope of all four sides makes the hip roof sturdier and more durable.
- They are excellent for both high wind and snowy areas because the slant of the roof allows snow to easily slide off with no standing water.
- They offer extra space for vaulted ceilings or an attic.
- Provide more ventilation and freedom to have additions, such as dormers.
Disadvantages of Hip roof
- Hip roofs are more expensive.
- Its complex design requires more building materials
Any type of roofing material.
Mansard roof style
A mansard roof is a four-sided gambrel-style hip roof, characterized by two slopes on each of its sides. The steep roof with windows creates an additional floor of habitable space and reduces the overall height of the roof. The upper slope of the roof may not be visible from ground level, when viewed from close proximity to the building.
Advantages of Mansard roof
- Additions can be made using the extra living space to improve aesthetic appeal.
- Can be started off with a simple design.
- Helps to add value to the house as homeowners can easily make additions as their needs change.
Disadvantages of Mansard roof
- The low-pitched portion of the mansard roof isn’t ideal for areas receiving heavy snowfall.
- It’s expensive because of the embellishments and details that go into them.
- Using wood or slate shingles in a diamond pattern is a way to make a mansard roof stand out.
Flat roof style
“Pitch” is the term used to describe the degree of roof slope. Flat roofs have one slope and very little pitch. Flat roofs may drain over the roof edges, or through scuppers installed in a parapet wall, built around the perimeter. This type of roof is easy to identify due to its flatness in the structure.
Advantages of Flat roof
- Extra space on the roof for a patio, garden or partially enclosed penthouse room.
- The design is also conducive for installing PV solar panels, for a more energy efficient and energy independent home.
- Easier to construct than pitched roofs, it requires fewer building materials, keeping the costs down.
Disadvantages of Flat roof
- The low pitch makes flat roofs more susceptible to water leakage.
- Not advised for high rainfall or high snowfall areas.
- Expensive maintenance due to ongoing roof repair and replacement costs.
- The most common materials used are tar and gravel, roll roofing, metal sheets, PVC, TPO, and rubber membrane.
Shed roof style
Shed roofs have one slope but more pitch than a flat roof. Shed roof can also be called Skillion roof because they are often used for additions. One potential problem area is along the upper edge of the shed roof, where it ties into the wall of the original home. This type of roof is a single sloping roof surface.
Advantages of Shed roof
- Shed roof is easy to assemble and requires fewer building materials.
- Their steep pitch allows snow and water to run off easily.
- Used for design purposes to add architectural feature and aesthetic appeal.
Disadvantages of Shed roof
- If a roof pitch is too high, it can result in ceilings being too low.
- Can create problems in high wind areas.
- To give a more streamlined look, you can use standing seam rather than tiles or shingles.
Gambrel roof style
Gambrel roof is the roof style with two slopes, each of which changes pitch in a convex manner.
Advantages of Gambrel roof
- Provides extra living space for a garret, attic or loft. Plus, it’s simple to frame out.
- It requires fewer materials with a simple construction procedure.
- It is less costly to maintain.
- Great idea for outdoor sheds and storage buildings. Their shape can provide more storage without taking up more space.
Disadvantages of Gambrel roof
- Not recommended for heavy wind areas or regions that receive significant snowfall.
- Its open design can cause the roof to collapse under extreme pressure.
- Necessary to inspect roof each year to check for damage from storms, heavy rainfall or snow.
- Wooden, asphalt, or slate shingles are widely used.
- Using a metal can greatly cut down the cost of maintenance.
Bonnet Style Bonnet roofs are concave and have a change in pitch. So, it is the opposite of a gambrel. Bonnet provides an exotic look to the lifestyle of the people. It requires a huge volume of materials due to its roofing design.
Advantages of Bonnet roof
- Provides extra space for a small attic or vaulted ceiling.
- The overhanging eaves not only provide protection for porches but also help to protect walls from water damage.
Disadvantages of Bonnet roof
- Difficult to construct due to its complex design.
- Requires more building materials and hence is costly.
- This can cause snow and water to pool. Extra precaution is needed to waterproof these areas.
- Any type of material can be considered.
Butterfly roof style
In light of, the butterfly roof style is certainly not a common style. Although is unique as it resembles the shape of a butterfly. All things considered; it usually has a haphazard arrangement in styling. When you inspect a home with a butterfly roof, look closely at the ceiling and floor beneath the low point. Just like other roof styles, it also has loopholes. Rain is the enemy of this style.
Advantages of Butterfly roof
- Allows more natural light, lowers heating bills in the winter, and brings an open feel to the design.
- The butterfly roof can be used to have environment-friendly designs.
Disadvantages of Butterfly roof
- Complexity in design makes the butterfly roof more expensive.
- Higher upfront cost and maintenance cost.
- Ensuring the butterfly roof is waterproofed is essential. Drainage systems can get clogged, causing water to pool or leak. This will weaken the pillars over time, which can cause the roof to collapse.
- Any material that can keep the butterfly roof watertight.
Although, by choosing the right roof style, you can make a statement. All in all, short-sightedness will only mark up your cost. Basically, think twice before you make any decision since the roof is the most prominent aspect of your house.
Finally, educate yourself to have a roof style that fits in your environment. Therefore, consider the major aspects related to the roofs. Above all, research on the features strength, durability and not just looks. So, acquire the key aspect of roofing styles. Also, learn about roofing materials. Keep in mind that the more outstanding and complex home you are building, the more your costs will go up. In other words, be smart and make the best choice before you regret it.
People have experimented with roofs to create various forms. Throughout history, the styles of roofs have shaped the architectural style of a house. You can credit the laws of physics for the varied possibilities in bringing out the elegant roofing designs. Except its laws, nothing can stop you from structuring your roof with your favorite designs, styles and shapes. (more…)